What Is An Eye Doctor Assistant Called – Optometry is a specialized health care profession that examines the eyes and related parts for defects or abnormalities. Optometrists are health care professionals who typically provide comprehensive primary eye care.
In the United States and Canada, an optometrist is someone who holds a doctorate of optometry. They are trained and licensed to practice medicine for eye-related conditions, in addition to providing optical (optical) care. In the UK, opticians can also practice medicine (and provide remedial treatment) for eye conditions. The Doctor of Optometry degree can also be used in the UK for holders of postgraduate O.D. we can not. At the end of their practice, optometrists are admitted to doctor and financial medical insurance (for example: Medicare). In addition, many are involved in the study of eye conditions and diseases. Optometrists are the only health care professionals with a specialized first professional degree for eye care; Ophthalmologists are doctors who usually have a four-year college degree, a medical degree, and at least three years of residency training after medical school, eliminating the need for eye-specific qualifications.
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The word “optometry” comes from the Greek words ὄψις (opsis; “view”) and μέτρον (metron; “something used to measure”, “measure”, “rule”). The term is a term used for an instrument for measuring vision called an optometer, (before the word phoropter or refractor was used). The root word opto is a shortened form of the Greek word ophthalmos meaning, “eye.” Like many health professions, optometric education and certification is mandatory in many countries. Optometric professionals and optometry-related organizations collaborate with government agencies, other health professionals, and the community to provide eye and vision care.
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The World Council of Optometry, the World Health Organization and about 75 optometric associations from more than 40 countries have adopted these definitions, to be used to describe optometry and optics.
Optometry is an autonomous, academic, and regulated (accredited/registered) health profession, and opticians are primary health professionals of the eye and vision system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care, including refraction and loss, detection/diagnosis and management of eye disease , and adjusting visual system conditions. History 
Page 423 of “A treatise on the sight, manner and phaoma of vision” by William Porterfield, Published 1759 in Edinburgh. In this book the word “optometer” appears for the first time.
The history of optometry can be traced back to the early studies of optics and the formation of images through the eye. The origin of optical scice (optics, as taught in basic physics classes) is several thousand years old as evidence of the existence of lses for decoration has been found in Greece and the Netherlands.
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We do not know when the first glasses were made. The British scientist and historian Sir Joseph Needham, in Scice and Civilization in China, reported that the first model was in the Vetian Society’s policies.
1300. He occasionally suggested that the so-called glass in China may have come from a book by the German-American anthropologist Berthold Laufer. According to Needham, the book by Laufer has many inaccuracies, and the reference in the document used by Laufer is not in the original edition but was added during the Ming Dynasty. Main Chinese sources of imported glasses.
Research by David A. Goss in the United States suggests that it may have begun in the late 13th century in Italy as mentioned in a manuscript from 1305 where a monk from Pisa named Rivalto said “It is not 20 years since the discovery of the art of glass making”.
Glasses were made in Italy, Germany, and the Netherlands in the 1300s. Needham says the first glasses were made shortly after 1286.
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In 1907, Laufer stated in his history of spectacles “the opinion that the spectacles in India are the most probable and that the spectacles must have been known in India earlier than in Europe”.
However, as noted, Joseph Needham points out that Laufer’s references are not in the old and best versions of Laufer’s documents, so his claim is not supported.
That during the reign of King Bhuvanekabahu IV (1346 – 1353 AD) from the time of Gampola, the tradition of making optics using natural stone called Diyatarippu was given royal permission. Some of the crafts are still alive and practiced in the original village giv to the craft creators by royal decree. But the date of King Bhuvanekabahu was decades after the scene in Vetian guild regulations.
And after the sermon of 1306 by the Dominican monk Giordano da Pisa, where da Pisa said that the invitation of the glasses was true and that he had met directly with the caller.
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Etymologically, brille comes from beryl, Latin beryllus, from Greek beryllos, from Prakrit verulia, veluriya, from Sanskrit vaidurya, from Dravidian origin from the city of Velur (modern Belur). Ancient Latin berillus also applied to horns, German hce brille, from Middle High German berille, and Frch glass besicles (plural), modified from Old Frch bericle.
Bito Daza de Valdes published the first comprehensive book on theoreticians in 1623, in which he spoke of the use and compatibility of visuals.
In 1692, William Molyneux wrote a book about optics and lenses where he explained his thoughts about myopia and problems related to near vision. Scientists Claudius Ptolemy and Johannes Kepler also contributed to the creation of optometry. Kepler discovered how the retina in the eye creates vision. From 1773 to about 1829, Thomas Young discovered the defect of astigmatism and George Biddell Airy designed glasses to correct the problem with ls sphero-cylindrical.
Although the word optometer appears in the 1759 book A Treatise on the Eye: The Manner and Phoma of Vision by Scottish physician William Porterfield, it was not until the early 20th century in the United States and Australia that “optometry” began to be used to describe the profession. . However, at the beginning of the 21st century, the difference with the optics, the word has become the time to take the world.
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Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a basic medical technology used to examine eye structures. This information is used by ophthalmologists to assess the level of the neurological process and confirm the clinical diagnosis. OCT scans are subsequently used to assess efficacy in managing diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma.
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Most have instructions on learning and practice. Optometrists, like many other health professionals, are required to attend continuing education courses to keep up with the latest standards of care.
In 1993 there were five countries in Africa with optometric educational institutions: Sudan, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania.
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Ethiopia started in 2002 at UoG. There are two universities (MMUST & Kaimosi Frids University) that offer Bachelor of Scice in Optometry and Vision Scices in Kya.
Sudan’s first institution for optometric training is the Faculty of Optometry and Visual Sciences (FOVS), founded in 1954 as the Institute of Optometry in Khartoum; The institution joined the Ministry of the University in 1986 as the University of Optometry, and finally merged with Alneelain University in 1997 which was ramed for FOVS. Currently, FOVS has the following programs: 1) BSc optometry in 5 years with a specialization in either orthoptics, contact lses, eye photography or ocular neurology; 2) BC in ophthalmic technology, requires 4 years of study; and BCs in optical dyspsary, occurred in 4 years. FOVS also offers MSc and PhD degrees in optometry. FOVS is the only institution in Sudan and the first higher education institution in Optometry in the Middle East and Africa.
In 2010, Alneelain University Eye Hospital was established as part of FOVS to expand its teaching capacity and serve the wider Sudanese community.
The Ghana Optometric Association (GOA) regulates the practice of Optometry in Ghana. After six years of study at one of the two universities that offer the course, the OD degree is awarded. New professionals must pass a qualifying exam, after which optometrists are accepted as GOA members, leading to the award of the MGOA title.
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The first optometry course in Mozambique started in 2009 at Universidade Lurio, Nampula. The course is part of the Mozambique Eye Care Program. Ulster University, Dublin Institute of Technology and the Bri Hold Vision Institute are supporting partners. In 2019, 61 Mozambican students graduated with a degree in optometry from UniLúrio (34 men and 27 women).
In Nigeria, optometry is regulated by the Optometry and Dispensing Opticians Registration Board of Nigeria established under the Optometry and Dispensing Opticians (ETC Registration) Act of 1989 (Cap O9 Laws of Federation of Nigeria 2004). The commissions publish from time to time a list of approved qualifications and training centers in the federal governmentmt gazette.
The Doctor of Optometry degree is awarded after six years of study in one of the accredited universities in Imo, Edo and
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